Shiver & Nelson Document Investigation Laboratory - Forensic laboratory specializing in questioned document examination. Handwriting, signatures, forgery, altered documents, medical records. Expert testimony. Near Atlanta. Offices in: GA - will travel out of state
Criminology is the study of crime, criminals and
criminal behavior. Criminology is an interdisciplinary field drawing upon the work of sociologists, psychologists, psychiatrists, social anthropologists and scholars of law.
In the 1800's criminology arose as social philosophers gave thought to crime and concepts of law.
In certain types of law, a criminology expert witness may be required. Since
the 1800's the science and theories of criminology have evolved.
From the 1800's to the 1900's three main schools of thought developed: Classical, Positive, and Chicago. These schools of thought
coalesced into several contemporary paradigms of criminology, such as the sub-culture, control, strain, labeling, critical criminology, cultural criminology, postmodern criminology, feminist criminology and others.
Criminology suggests crime is learned through association. The criminal acts might be generally condoning criminal conduct or be justifying crime only under specific circumstances. Criminology shows that interacting with antisocial peers is a major cause of crime. Criminal behavior will be repeated and become chronic if it is reinforced. When criminal subcultures exist,
criminology experts believe individuals can learn associatively to commit crime and crime rates will increase in those specific locations.
Criminologists acknowledge that many people operate under a high moral and ethical constraint but consider that criminals rationally see that the benefits of their crime outweigh the cost such as the probability of apprehension, conviction, punishment, as well as their current set of opportunities. From the public
witness perspective, since the cost of increasing the fine is marginal to that of the cost of increasing surveillance, we can conclude that the best policy is to maximize the fine and minimize surveillance.